All Articles (181)

In a recent blog by Nitzan Daube, CTO of NanoLock¸ he provides an explanation regarding the importance of security focus on both IT hardware, physical security and cyber security consequences.  Wapack Labs agrees whole heartedly, and is providing solutions.

Wapack Labs participated in a recent lecture at the October 2018 ASIS Conference, held in Las Vegas NV.  Our joint lecture specifically addressed hardware compromise, adherence to physical security and the psychology of insider threats.  Rece

The Air Force Institute of Technology[1] (AFIT) has releases free “Blockchain for Supply Chain” tools for supply chain professionals to learn about and use the power of block chain technology.  AFIT recently published a live blockchain application that can be accessed from any computer or smart phone, along with a complementary series of tutorial videos that presents blockchain simulation.  These videos can be used as a stand-alone classroom module, or the video and the blockchain website can be

Cyber security professionals often get focused on dangers which appear inside their networks or within company messages, sometimes overlooking physical threats.  Laptops and devices routinely leave the confines of network cyber security parameters.  In this circumstance, a hacker can easily get physically next to a vulnerable laptop, which may permit firewall rules and DNS Security inoperable to a bad guy hacking into “your” laptop.[1]  This is why Wapack Labs strongly suggest linking physical s

This report is an update to previous Wapack Labs postings regarding the SamSam malware.  US federal authorities are providing current information about the vulnerabilities and exploits used to deploy SamSam ransomware, also known as MSIL/Samas.A.  This malware was being deployed by cyber criminals Mohammad Mehdi Shah Mansouri and Faramarz Shahi Savandi.  On 26 November 2018, the District of New Jersey indicted Mansouri and Savandi for developing and deploying SamSam ransomware.  SamSam infects w


China hosted its World Internet Conference on 7-9 November 2018 in Wuzhen, the fifth conference in this series.  As in past years, the conference was attended by Chinese political and corporate figures as well as representatives from several major Silicon Valley companies.  However, the level of foreign participation was significantly reduced from last year.  Tim Cook of Apple and Sundar Pichai of Google, featured speakers in 2017, skipped the 2018 conference.  Xi Jinping did not partici

US federal authorities have received an increase in complaints over the past three months of credit card information theft by cyber criminals using web injection to introduce skimming code on e-commerce payment card processing web pages.  Cyber criminals introduced skimming code to the payment card processing websites by gaining access to either the victim’s network or a third-party entity.  The code captured credit card data as the end user entered it in real time.  That information was exfiltr

The US, Department of Homeland Security (DHS), Cyber Intelligence Network (CIN) is aware of a Thanksgiving Day-themed phishing email campaign with at least two variants targeting US government entities.  The campaign began on 19 November 2018, and the phishing emails include Thanksgiving Day-themed subject lines with holiday-themed titled documents.  The emails spoof legitimate government senders and attempt to deliver malware to legitimate government entities.  The reported agencies that have b

Wapack Labs has identified 699 unique IP addresses believed to be infected by or associated with, possible delivery of Black Energy.  Some of these connections contained an href user agent (pointing at another location), others appeared infected with Black Energy and were identified checking into our Black Energy sinkholes.  Black Energy, as you may recall, was used against Ukraine on 23 December 2015, in coordinated attacks against multiple regional distribution power companies in Ivano-Fran


On 10 October 2018, the FBI announced the arrest of Xu Yanjun, a Chinese intelligent agent who had been targeting an employee of GE Aviation to acquire trade secrets on the company’s jet engines.  The target employee had cooperated with the FBI during this operation, and when Xu arranged a meeting with the employee in Europe in April 2018, Xu was arrested.  He was extradited from Belgium to the United States in October and charged with economic espionage.133173433?profile=RESIZE_710xDetails in the indictment issued

Red Sky Alliance (RSAC) members have reported seeing and, or receiving fake sextortion scams.  These scam emails typically provide old password that was used by the user.  These emails are an attempt to extort money, claiming the sender has compromising information indicating the user was involved in viewing pornographic sites.  The sender claims to have compromising video recordings of the user and alleges to have additional “stolen secrets” of a compromising sexual nature.  An RSAC member in t

A new advisory was issued by the US Department of Homeland Security (DHS) and US-CERT for Hidden Cobra.  This is the latest advisory in a string of advisories related to Hidden Cobra.  What is unique is that this is the first advisory from US-CERT related to automated teller machine (ATM) attacks, for what they refer to as an ATM cash-out scheme which is officially named, "FASTCash."  

US authorities report multiple vulnerabilities identified in Mozilla Thunderbird, the most severe of which could result in arbitrary code execution.  Mozilla Thunderbird is an email service.  Successful exploitation of the most severe of these vulnerabilities could allow for arbitrary code execution.  Depending on the privileges associated with the user, an attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights.  Users whose accounts are

MIT researchers have developed a system that reduces false positives for credit card frauds. Researchers call it automated feature engineering, which allows them to monitor the spending of an individual and add features based on their spending habits.[1]  To do this, they extract 200 detailed features per individual transaction to provide examples that would be available if the user was present.  It additionally would capture the average spent on certain days and at certain vendors.  This allows

Recently the popular online retail service Craigslist was advertising servers and storage disks.  The seller was marketing Netlink Computer Inc. (NCIX) retail service new and used IT equipment.  The servers and storage disks being marketed included millions of unencrypted confidential records of employees, customers and business partners.   Up until 1 December 2017, when Canadian IT retail services NCIX filed for bankruptcy, they were a privately-held company who sold new and used computer hardw

Cybersecurity researchers have unveiled, the first-ever, UEFI (Unified Extensible Firmware Interface) rootkit being used.  It allows hackers to implant persistent malware on targeted computers that could endure a complete hard-drive wipe.  Titled LoJax, the UEFI rootkit is part of a malware campaign conducted by the Sednit group, also known as APT28, Fancy Bear, Strontium, and Sofacy, who have targeted government organizations in the Balkans as well as in Central and Eastern Europe.[1]  The Sedn

Magento is an open source ecommerce platform that offers flexible solutions, is a vibrant extension marketplace, and has an open global ecosystem.  Magento is based off of the Zend Framework and PHP.  Magento is considered to be the leading platform within the ecommerce market.  In less than 10 years, Magento has had massive success rolling out its solutions to small at home/startup business to multinational conglomerates.  Magento's popularity is similar to that of other popular open-source CMS

Researchers at Bitdefender have identified a new Android malware titled, Triout which acts as a framework for turning legitimate applications into spyware.  It is used to inject extensive surveillance capabilities into seemingly benign applications.  Triout is found bundled with a repackaged app; with capabilities including recording phone calls, logging incoming text messages, recoding videos, taking pictures and collecting GPS coordinates. Then broadcasting all of that back to an attacker-cont

Government researchers believe Chinese state-sponsored actors (APT) are likely to engage in cyber espionage activities targeting the US semiconductor industry.  This to help improve domestic production and reduce China’s reliance on US-made semiconductors, as laid out in its “Made in China” (MIC) 2025 plan.  Recently lifted sanctions against Chinese company ZTE, highlight China’s reliance on US semiconductors.  The US blocking of Chinese acquisition of US semiconductor firms likely undercut Chin

Conventional cyber wisdom says that social engineering and phishing involves a user only clicking on bad links.   A large percentage of social engineering attacks do invite users to click on bad links and this action can definitely have consequences, yet many of the highest profile social engineering attacks have absolutely nothing to do with links and nothing to do with “clicking.”

Some of the most damaging social engineering attacks often consist of a hacker’s patient collection of information,

PHP Code Execution Attack A new exploitation technique has been discovered that allow attackers to trigger critical deserialization vulnerabilities in PHP programming language using previously low-risk considered functions. The new technique leaves web applications open to remote code execution attacks, including websites powered by some popular content management systems like WordPress and Typo3. PHP unserialization was first discovered in 2009 which allows attackers to perform various attacks