iran (18)

10861060279?profile=RESIZE_400xThe FBI released an alert last week warning of hack-and-leak operations targeting organizations in the US and Israel by a group based in Iran.  The alert centers on Emennet Pasargad, an Iranian company US law enforcement agencies have previously spotlighted for its role in efforts to interfere with the 2020 US presidential election.  Last week, the FBI said the company, which has changed its name several times to avoid sanctions, has targeted entities in Israel since 2020 with attacks that invol

10229169082?profile=RESIZE_400xIran’s Revolutionary Guard has added “smart submarines,” unmanned underwater vehicles, to its navy for the first time, a report presented on Iranian state TV.  Its Guard’s Navy unveiled the vessels, along with new missiles and speedboats, at a ceremony in Iran’s southern port city of Bandar Abbas.[1]

Its new speedboats can travel at up to 95 knots (about 109 mph) and are able to launch missiles and rockets.  The report also said the Guard’s navy was equipped with new maneuverable missiles with a

10065799678?profile=RESIZE_400xPrevious attacks from the Iranian Phosphorus APT (aka Charming Kitten, APT35) are well documented. Recently a new set of tools incorporated into the group's arsenal, and a connection with the Memento ransomware, have been discovered. Researchers from have detected a new and undocumented PowerShell backdoor that supports downloading malware such as a keylogger and an infostealer. The code runs in the context of a .NET app without launching powershell.exe and thus avoiding detection.

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10024795479?profile=RESIZE_400xIn 2010, Iran’s uranium enrichment centrifuges were attacked and rendered useless through a computer virus that became known as Stuxnet.  It was the first case in which a hacker attack, coordinated by nations (presumably the US and Israel), hit a large military target in the “real world.”  A worldwide race to create or acquire cyber weapons was then just taking shape. 

Fast forward to last week (11 years later), Ukraine was hit by a massive cyber-attack that targeted government websites.  Posted

9936355054?profile=RESIZE_400xActivity Summary - Week Ending on 22 December 2021:

  • Red Sky Alliance identified 30,069 connections from new IP’s checking in with our Sinkholes
  • dauction.ru Still has Issues after 4 weeks !
  • Analysts identified 5,039 new IP addresses participating in various Botnets
  • Log4j Vulnerability
  • BlackCat
  • AgentTesla Additions
  • Iran Hackers
  • Cyber and Medical Devices
  • Attacking K-12 School Apps
  • Cyber Port Protection
  • Finite Recruitment

Link to full report: IR-21-356-001_weekly356.pdf

9840514871?profile=RESIZE_400xActivity Summary - Week Ending on 24 November 2021:

  • Red Sky Alliance identified 26,071 connections from new IP’s checking in with our Sinkholes
  • Analysts identified 2,849 new IP addresses participating in various Botnets
  • DigitalOcean in the Cross-Hairs Again
  • Magniber Ransomware
  • Ransomware Still #1
  • Attack Framework - Left to Right
  • Core to the Edge
  • Iran Cyber Bullies & Mahan Airlines
  • Asia Financial Targets
  • CBDC
  • Environmentalists Sharing the Brave New World

Link to full report: IR-21-328-001_weekl

9153829494?profile=RESIZE_400xThe US has seized the domains of 36 websites linked with Iran and Iraq for allegedly publishing disinformation and running malicious influencing campaigns targeting Americans, the Justice Department says.  Thirty-three of the websites belong to the Iranian Islamic Radio and Television Union, or IRTVU, and three belong to Kata’ib Hizballah, or KH, a paramilitary group based in Iraq.  KH has been designated as a foreign terrorist organization since 2009, and IRTVU was put under sanctions in Octobe

8959865492?profile=RESIZE_400xIranian hackers have reportedly hit multiple Israeli companies with ransomware, in a new campaign of attacks.  A group describing itself as 'N3tw0rm' (Networm) recently added the logo of H&M Israel to their naming and shaming website, just three days after another local firm, Veritas Logistics, was hit.

It is suspected that Iran's Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps was behind a ransomware campaign that used a contracting company called "Emen Net Pasargard," or ENP, to target over a dozen organiza

8872293089?profile=RESIZE_400xChina, Russia, North Korea, and Iran continue to pose significant cybersecurity threats to the US, because each is capable of launching disruptive attacks, according to a report published 13 April 2021 by the Office of the Director of National Intelligence.

Threats include disinformation campaigns that target elections and try to undermine democratic institutions as well as aggressive hacking campaigns, such as the SolarWinds supply chain attack, according to the report. In many cases, criminal

8837471697?profile=RESIZE_400xThe new cooperation agreement between Russia and Iran on cybersecurity and information technology is likely to create new hurdles for the United States and its allies in the Middle East. In January 2021, Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov and his Iranian counterpart Javad Zarif signed a cooperation agreement on cybersecurity and information and communications technology (ICT).

The agreement includes cybersecurity cooperation, technology transfer, combined training, and coordination at multil

8011615880?profile=RESIZE_400xOur friends from the US Department of Homeland Security have provided an open source Threat Assessment for October 2020 - which is Cyber Security Awareness Month.  The following is the Cyber Threat Assessment Section. 

Cyber threats to the Homeland from both nation-states and non-state actors will remain acute. U.S. critical infrastructure faces advanced threats of disruptive or destructive cyber-attacks. Federal, state, local, tribal and territorial governments, as well as the private sector, w

3804164883?profile=RESIZE_710xSummary

Red Sky Alliance recently learned of the defacement of multiple American websites by a self-proclaimed Iranian hacker as apparent revenge for the fatal US drone strike on Iranian General Qasem Soleimani.  Evidence indicates that these are low level attacks looking to target convenient and insecure targets.  The attacker, identifying as an Iranian hacker, posted a picture of General Soleimani on all of the defaced pages along with multiple social media accounts and a Gmail account; likely

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DNATools Inc. application dnaLIMS is a “state-of-the art web-based laboratory information management system used to track and manage (scientific DNA research)”.  It is commonly used by researchers in labs and universities around the world.  In 2017, multiple vulnerabilities were discovered in this software.  After the vendor was notified, their response indicates these vulnerabilities will not be fixed.  It has been confirmed that these vulnerabilities still exist in the software and attack

Wapack Labs is monitoring the developments in the ongoing Iran protests. Wapack analysts continue to observe an increase in Internet restriction and disabling of communication applications; Facebook, Twitter, Telegram, Google, WhatsApp, and Signal. To date, ProtonMail’s free VPN service for Android phones, and Psiphon, an app that circumnavigates network firewalls, are the only means of providing anonymity for Iranian citizens.
Wapack Labs analysts have been monitoring the recent demonstrations in Iran involving discontent toward the Islamic Republic seated in the aftermath of the 1979 Revolution. Iranian dissidents and activists took to the streets by the thousands, chanting slogans like “We don’t want an Islamic Republic” and “Death to the dictator”, as they tore down pictures of Supreme Leader Khamenei and set fire to the Governor’s office.
Wapack Labs has been monitoring Iranian cyber activity for several years, specifically the evolving OilRig and Greenbug campaigns. Their adoption of a cyber operational paradigm involving both cyber hacktivism and cyber espionage tactics resembles cyber activity patterns employed by Chinese APT groups, whereby different groups perform different campaigns, with multiple teams conducting separate phases of a cyber campaign. With President Trump’s refusal to re-certify Iran’s compliance with the 20